AMBO Oil Pipeline

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This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy.

AMBO Oil Pipeline is a proposed oil pipeline in the Balkans.[1]


The pipeline would run from the Black Sea Port in Burgas, Bulgaria, to the port of Vlorë, Albania.

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Project Details

  • Operator: Albanian Macedonian Bulgarian Oil Corporation[1]
  • Proposed capacity: 750,000 barrels per day
  • Length: 912 kilometers
  • Status: Cancelled


AMBO was first conceived in the summer of 1993. On 27 December 2004, prime-ministers of Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria, along with the president and CEO of AMBO, signed an MoU for the pipeline.[2] On 31 January 2007, the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria and Albania signed a trilateral convention on the construction of the AMBO pipeline.[3] The pipeline was expected to be operational by 2011,[4] but construction never began.

In 2011 AMBO said the project has kept a low profile in recent years while seeking major investors and waiting for the timing of the project to materialize.[5]

As of 2017 the project has yet to materialize or move forward.


The aim of the 912 kilometer-long pipeline was to bypass the Turkish Straits in transportation of Russian and Caspian Sea oil. The pipeline was expected to cost about US$1.5 billion and it would have a capacity of 750,000 barrels per day.[6] There would be four pump stations, two in Bulgaria and one each in the Republic of Macedonia and Albania, constructed along the route. A pre-front-end engineering and design study (FEED) was to be prepared by KBR Company.[4]

Project company

The pipeline was to be built and operated by the US-registered Albanian Macedonian Bulgarian Oil Corporation (AMBO). The project was backed by the US government, who financed a feasibility study of pipeline.[7]

Alternative projects

Other pipeline projects were the Burgas-Alexandroupolis Oil Pipeline from Burgas to the Aegean Port Alexandroupoli in Greece, and the Pan-European Oil Pipeline from Constanţa in Romania to Trieste in Italy. Compared with Burgas-Alexandroupoli pipeline, the AMBO pipeline would be longer and more expensive.[8]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 AMBO Oil Pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed September 2017
  2. "Go-ahead for Balkan oil pipeline", BBC News (2004-12-28). Retrieved on 2008-04-05. 
  3. Marina Stojanovska (2007-02-14). "AMBO pipeline deal clears another hurdle", Southeast European Times. Retrieved on 2008-04-05. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Granitsas, Alkman (2007-04-26). "Official: Trans-Balkan Pipeline to Begin Ops by 2011", Downstream Today. Retrieved on 2008-04-05. 
  5. "INTERVIEW: Trans-Balkan AMBO oil pipeline still viable project," Platts, 11 Nov 2011
  6. Barry Wood (2004-12-30). "Balkan Oil Pipeline Agreement Moves Project Closer to Reality", Voice of America. Retrieved on 2008-04-05. 
  7. "AMBO Pipeline Moves Forward: Interview with Gligor Tashkovich", (2005-01-09). Retrieved on 2008-04-05. 
  8. "AMBO Trans-Balkan Pipeline Agreement Finally Signed", (2004-12-29). Retrieved on 2008-04-05. 

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External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on AMBO Oil Pipeline. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.