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This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of coal and power industry data

CONSOL Energy is a Cannonsburg, Pennsylvania-based coal and gas company.

CONSOL is one of the biggest producers of coal in the U.S., with the majority of mines located in West Virginia. (Detailed information about its coal production can be found below at the CONSOL Coal Production section.) It is also involved in the controversial practice of fracking for methane gas in the Northeastern U.S. in the Marcellus Shale region.

An ABC News report noted that 2012 Presidential candidate Rick Santorum was a lobbyist for Consol.[1]

Executive Summary

CONSOL Energy is one of the biggest coal producers in the U.S. and also one of the fastest growing fracking companies in the Marcellus Shale region of the U.S. since it began drilling there in 2008. It owns 760,000 acres in the Marcellus area, concentrating on drilling in Pennsylvania and West Virginia.

It has been reporting annual revenues of between $3.7 billion and $5.4 billion a year over the past four years. Its CEO has an annual compensation of $12.87 million. CONSOL/CNX and its executives have also been very active in making partisan political donations, predominantly in favor of Republicans. This company, headquartered in Cannonsburg, Pennsylvania, has invested significant funds in elections in Pennsylvania and West Virginia, states with large shale deposits, and its PAC was a major spender in the election of the new governor of Pennsylvania, Tom Corbett.

CONSOL/CNX has a notorious safety record and has been accused of numerous safety violations, including polluting rivers and spoiling drinking water by contaminating it with methane gas.

Noble Energy Buys 50% Stake in Consol's Marcellus Shale Venture

In Aug. 2011, Noble Energy bought a $3.4 billion stake in Consol's Marcellus Shale drilling venture. Reported the New York Times: "Noble with team up with Consol on its 663,350-acre project in...West Virginia and Pennsylvania, and will pay $2.13 billion to Consol in drilling costs....Noble and Consol plan to quadruple the number of drilling rigs in the Marcellus formation to 16 horizontal rigs by 2015. Nobel will also pay $160 million for Consol's existing wells and $59 million for half of Consol's gathering assets."[2]

Type Methane gas drilling and coal
Founded 1864
Headquarters Canonsburg, Pennsylvania
Number of locations Pittsburgh, PA; Baltimore, MD; Monessen, PA; Paoli, PA
Revenue $5.24 billion

Focusing on natural gas and coal exports

On October 28, 2013, Consol Energy said it was selling five of its longwall coal mines — about half of its production capacity — to focus instead on natural gas and on mines that produce coal for export. The five mines are being sold to the privately held Murray Energy, and are worth $3.5 billion to $4.4 billion. Consol said it would receive $850 million in cash and $184 million in value from future payments, and Murray would take on $2.4 billion in liabilities, including worker pensions. Consol is planning to increase its natural gas production by 30 percent a year for the next three years, and in the next 10 years will invest $14 billion in developing the Marcellus Shale field in West Virginia and nearly $8 billion in the Marcellus Shale field in Pennsylvania, along with $2.5 billion in Pennsylvania coal mines that it is retaining.[3]

Political Activity

Coal Execs Invite Presidential Hopeful Jeb Bush to Closed-Door Weekend Retreat (2015)

Consol and other coal companies invited former Florida Governor and likely presidential candidate Jeb Bush to be the keynote speaker at the 2015 Coal and Investment Leadership Forum, an invitation-only retreat that brings together coal industry executives, Republican donors, and other "stakeholders," according to an invitation obtained by the Center for Media and Democracy and reported on by The Guardian. Bush "evidently signalled his willingness to meet with industry leaders as early as February when the hosts of the coal forum – all owners and executives of coalmining companies – emailed out the first save-the-date notices," The Guardian reported.[4]

“It is a great opportunity to meet with stakeholders in the state,” Kristy Campbell, a spokeswoman for Bush, said. “He will be talking about a variety of topics.”[4]

Bush had not yet officially declared his candidacy and was not disclosing fundraising information. "I think the major question is what promises is Jeb Bush making to the coal chief executives in that room. We assume Bush is there to raise money for his campaign [...] it is pretty clear why Jeb Bush was invited there. If Jeb Bush is elected they want him to protect their industry," Nick Surgey, research director of CMD, told The Guardian.[4]

Others named in the 2015 invitation included Tennessee Valley Authority president Bill Johns, Christopher C. Horner of the Competitive Enterprise Institute and Energy & Environment Legal Institute, and "the owners and chief executives of coalmining and energy companies" including Alliance Resource Partners, Alpha Natural Resources, Drummond Company, Arch Coal, and United Coal Company.[4]

According to The Guardian,

The invitations to the three-day forum promise access to influential figures – including a potential future occupant of the White House – in a relaxed setting, with time for cocktails, golf lessons, and fishing. The $7,500 fee does not include lodging.
"Once again, significant time will also be available for golf, fly fishing, one-on-one meetings and small VIP discussion groups, which is the hallmark of this conference," the invitation reads.[4]

The forum was likely to touch on rules limiting carbon pollution from power plants that were announced by the EPA in 2014. Jim McGlothlin, CEO of United Coal Company, "said the executives were eager to hear what Bush said about energy – but the hour-long encounter would not be restricted to the EPA rules. 'It would be our hope that he would touch upon his general energy policies,' McGlothlin said in an email." McGlothlin also noted that the forum planned to invite additional presidential candidates in 2016.[4]

Majority of Contributions Made to Republicans

Although CONSOL Energy has donated to campaigns on both sides of the aisle since it began drilling in the Marcellus Shale area in 2008, the majority of its political donations has gone to pro-fracking Republicans. 2010 was the biggest year in gas and oil political contributions by corporations hoping to encourage lawmakers to continue with the lax restrictions surrounding methane gas drilling. Nowhere is this seen more than in Pennsylvania, where the majority of the Macellus Shale area lies.

According to Common Cause of Pennsylvania's May 2010 report, "Deep Drilling, Deep Pockets," CONSOL doled out $270,800 in campaign contributions from Jan. 1, 2001 through Mar. 2010.[5] .

During the 2010 elections, CONSOL's political action committee and employees together gave $340,435.31 to political candidates. $46,000 of that money went to Governor Tom Corbett - a known ally of fracking companies in Pennsylvania who supported a no-tax stance for methane drilling corporations - while $36,800 went to Democratic candidate Dan Onorato.[6]

"Senate candidate Joe Scarnati, (R-Brockway, PA), had his ticket, plane ride and hotel bill paid for by Consol Energy Inc., according to Mr. Scarnati's top aide. Scarnati and other top Senate Republicans were frequently singled out by former Gov. Ed Rendell and environmental advocates for blocking an extraction tax on shale drilling."[7]

CONSOL also, along with other big Marcellus Shale players like Range Resources, Cabot Oil and Gas and Chesapeake Energy, each paid $25,000-$50,000 for Governor of Pennsylvania Tom Corbett's two-day inaugural party.[8]

Corporate Political Action Committee

The CONSOL PAC raised $373,710 and spent $282,324 in 2010. The top three House candidates who benefited from CONSOL's PAC where: Jason Altmire (D-PA) received $7,000; Rick Boucher (D-VA) received $7,000; Tim Murphy (R-PA) received $7,000. Altmire is on the Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials and the Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment. Boucher, who was defeated in 2011, was on the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment. Murphy is on the House Energy and Commerce Committee and is was named Vice-Chair of the Subcommittee on the Environment and Economy.[9]

The top three Senate candidates were: Arlen Specter (D-PA) received $8,000; Pat Toomey (R-PA) received $10,000; James Webb (D-VA) received $5,000. Specter, who was defeated in 2011 by Pat Toomey, served on the Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development,Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies and the Subcommittee on Superfund, Toxics and Environmental Health among others. Webb is on the Joint Economic Committee.

The 2008 election year was another big year in CONSOL PAC donations. The PAC raised $50,057 and $136,993 was given to candidates and other PACs. House candidate Mike Doyle (D-PA) received $6,000. Charlie Wilson (D-OH) received $4,000. Doyle, from Pittsburgh, serves on the House Energy and Commerce Committee and the Energy and Power Subcommittee. Wilson, who lost his bid in 2010, served on the Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Insurance, and Government-Sponsored Enterprises.

Senate candidate Saxby Chambliss (R-GA) received $5,000 and Mark Warner (D-VA) received $3,000. Chambliss serves on the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition & Forestry among others. Warner has a big interest in energy and bringing more energy jobs to Virginia.

Political Donations by Company Execs

Board members and senior management have donated large amounts of money to CONSOL & CNX Energy PAC and candidates. State records show that CONSOL Energy employees have donated $62,202 to candidates and the company's PAC.[10]

Here is a breakdown of company executives and the money they have donated:

  • J. Brett Harvey - CEO, President and Chairman - $1.23 million (biggest donations were to John McCain and Sarah Palin, the Republican National Committee and the National Mining Association's PAC)
  • William Lyons - Executive Vice President and CFO of the CONSOL and CNX Gas - $33,149
  • P. Jerome Richey - Secretary, Executive Vice President of Corporate Affairs, Chief Legal Officer of Company and CNX - $20,117
  • Robert and Karie King - Executive Vice President of Business Advancements, Support Services of CONSOL and CNX - $17,548
  • Nicholas Deiuliis - Director, President and COO of CNX Gas and Executive Vice President and COO of CONSOL - $12,212

Marcellus Money shows that CONSOL Energy and CNX have given $340,435.31 to Pennsylvania politicians since 2001.


An ABC News report noted that 2012 Presidential candidate Rick Santorum was a lobbyist for Consol.[11]

Open Secrets reported that CONSOL spent $3.1 million on lobbying in 2010, and $870,000 in 2011, as of July. Tommy Johnson is the principle lobbyist for CONSOL.

In 2010, CONSOL lobbied against the proposed House and Senate climate change bills, which did not pass, and against a provision in the financial reform bill that compels publicly traded coal companies to report safety violations issued by the Mine Safety and Health Administration in their quarterly filings with the SEC, which did pass.[12]

CNX also uses Stanley Rapp with Greenlee Partners, who also represents Range Resources-Appalachia.[13]

At a 2012 debate, Republican presidential candidate Rick Santorum said he helped a local company fight government regulations on greenhouse gas emissions: "My grandfather was a coal miner. So I contacted a local coal company from my area. I said, look, I want to join you in that fight." The local company, according to Mother Jones, was Consol Energy, and Santorum was paid $142,500 from 2010 to August 2011 for his counseling work. Before that, Consol donated more than $73,800 to Santorum during his time as a legislator. In 2006, Santorum authored a provision for a tax bill that would have created a tax credit for synfuel, which included coalbed methane, of which Consol is a "leading producer" of the product. Former Santorum staffers Tommy Johnson and Kevin Roy became lobbyists for Consol after he lost his Senate seat.[14]

Revenue and Profits

Revenue: $5.36 billion
Gross Profit: $1.69 billion

Revenue: $4.62 billion
Gross Profit: $1.56 billion

Revenue: $4.65 billion
Gross Profit: $1.4 billion

Revenue: $3.76 billion
Gross Profit: $955 million

Revenue: $3.7 billion
Gross Profit: $1.05 billion

Executives and Annual Compensation

  • CEO, President and Chairman J. Brett Harvey: $12.87 million[20]
  • COO and Executive Vice President Nicholas J. DeIuliis, J.D.: $1.4 million
  • Executive Vice President of Business Advancements, Support Services of CONSOL and CNX Robert P. King: $1.5 million
  • Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the CONSOL and CNX Gas William J. Lyons: $5.6 million[21]
  • Secretary, Executive Vice President of Corporate Affairs, Chief Legal Officer of Company and CNX P. Jerome Richey: $1.7 million


  • J. Brett Harvey: CEO, President and Chairman - Forbes says that Harvey has been the "Director of CNX Gas since June 30, 2005, the date of its formation, and has served as Chairman of the Board and CEO since January 16, 2009. He has also served as President, CEO and a Director of CONSOL Energy since January 1998. Harvey is a member of the board of directors of the Bituminous Coal Operators Association and a member of the executive committee and the board of the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity. He is also the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Mining Association. In December 2005, he was elected to the board of directors of Barrick Gold Corporation, the world's largest gold producer. He serves on the Barrick compensation and environmental, health and safety committees. In December of 2007, Harvey was also elected to the board of directors of Allegheny Technologies Incorporated, a specialty metals producer, and serves on its nominating and corporate governance and compensation committees.
  • Nicholas J. Deluliis: COO and Executive Vice President - "DeIuliis was a Director, President and CEO of CNX Gas Corporation from June 30, 2005 to January 16, 2009, when he became President and COO of CNX Gas and Executive Vice President and COO of CONSOL Energy. From November 2004 until August 2005 he was the Senior Vice President of Strategic Planning of CONSOL Energy. Prior to that, DeIuliis served as Vice President of Strategic Planning from April 2002 until November 2004. On May 28, 2010, pursuant to the documents effecting the Merger, the directors of the company were removed and replaced with a new board of directors, consisting of Nicholas J. DeIuliis, the Company's President and COO.[22]
  • Robert P. King: Executive Vice President of Business Advancements, Support Services of CONSOL and CNX - "King became Executive Vice President of Business Advancement and Support Services of CONSOL Energy and CNX Gas Corporation on January 16, 2009. Prior to that, he was Senior Vice President of Administration since February 2, 2007 and he served as Vice President of Land from August 2006 to February 2007. Prior to joining CONSOL Energy, King was Vice President of Interwest Mining Company (a subsidiary of PacifiCorp).[23]
  • William J. Lyons: Executive Vice President and CFO of the CONSOL and CNX Gas - "Lyons has been Chief Financial Officer of CONSOL Energy since February 2001 and Chief Financial Officer of CNX Gas Corporation since April 28, 2008. He added the title of Executive Vice President of CONSOL Energy on May 2, 2005 and of CNX Gas Corporation on January 16, 2009. From January 1995 until February 2001, Lyons held the position of Vice President of Controller for CONSOL Energy. Lyons joined CONSOL Energy in 1976. He was a Director of CNX Gas Corporation from October 17, 2005 to January 16, 2009. Lyons is also a director of Calgon Carbon Corporation, a supplier of products and services for purifying water and air.
  • P. Jerome Richey: Secretary, Executive Vice President of Corporate Affairs, Chief Legal Officer of Company and CNX - "Richey became Executive Vice President of Corporate Affairs and Chief Legal Officer of CONSOL Energy and CNX Gas Corporation on January 16, 2009. He was Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of CONSOL Energy since March 2005, and on June 20, 2007, he added the title of Senior Vice President. Prior to joining CONSOL Energy, Richey, for more than five years, was a shareholder in the Pittsburgh office for the law firm of Buchanan Ingersoll & Rooney PC.[24]

In March 2009, William Bruno, a retired 30-year veteran of CONSOL energy, released his book, "The King Rat and His Court: Lessons in Corporate Greed.

Coal exports

In September 2011 Consol Energy Inc. stated that its coal exports will rise more than their previous estimates for 2011. The company said exports could range between 10 million and 10.5 million for 2011.[25]

CONSOL Coal Mines

By year-end 2010, CONSOL had coal reserves of 4.4 billion tons, sold 63.9 million tons, and dug up 62.4 million tons. Half is used for electricity, and 94% is underground mines.[26] In 2010, 2.5 million of the coal CONSOL mined was from strip mining.[27] As of 2011, CONSOL operates 11 active mining complexes across five states:[28]

Click on the locations shown on the map for mine details:

Loading map...

CONSOL cuts back on coal production

In March 2009, CONSOL placed its Mine 84 in Washington on what it terms "long term idle" status, laying off about 275 employees. The company also reduced the hours worked at its Buchanan mine in northern West Virginia and has lowered a 2009 production target to 3.1 million tons for the mine, about three-fourths of its total capacity, as the demand and pricing for coal collapsed in the last quarter of 2008 during the economic downturn.[29] CONSOL lowered its expected production levels for 2009 to 58 million tons.[30]

On October 1, 2010, Consol said it will close its Pennsylvania Mine 84 and idle its Utah Emery Mine by December 2010 because of the operating costs. The moves come as Consol has been diversifying away from coal, acquiring the 17% of CNX Gas it didn't already own in June 2010, and earlier buying Dominion Resources' natural gas business. Pearce Hammond, director of institutional research with Simmons & Co. International, said there's no need for excess coal in the market, especially when prices for the thermal coal used in power plants are under pressure.[31]

2011: Increase in coal production

In April 2011, CONSOL Energy said production at its Coal Division had reached 17.2 million tons for the quarter, the highest since 2008. The company expected its 2011 coal production to be about 60-62 million tons.[32]

Longwall mining

Consol Energy is the largest producer of underground coal mining in the United States. The company's 17 mines are mostly longwall mining operations in Appalachia.[33]

In December 2012, Pennsylvania’s Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) sent a letter to Consol Energy stating its longwall mining operations in the state had irreparably damaged six streams. The DEP called further remediation attempts “futile,” and demanded the company compensate “for the loss of Commonwealth resources." All six of the streams had suffered “flow loss” from Consol’s Bailey Mine, and In 2005, the Ryerson State Park lost its 62-acre Duke Lake when its dam cracked after a longwall machine had moved beneath the park. In April 2013, the DEP announced a multi-million-dollar settlement with Consol to repair the dam and re-open the lake.[34]

Mountaintop removal mining

Consol mined 2.5 million tons of coal from mountaintop removal in 2010. Over 30% of its Central Appalachian coal is mined from mountaintop removal.[35]

Proposed coal mines

  • Buffalo Mountain Mine is a proposed 2,308 acre mountaintop removal mine by CONSOL Energy between Belo and Delbarton in Mingo County, West Virginia. In 2009, Governor Manchin asked the EPA to approve a permit for the mine. The mine is considered another step towards completion of the King Coal Highway, designed to be 95 miles from Bluefield to Williamson, eventually joining a new interstate highway connecting Michigan to Myrtle Beach. The EPA has signaled it has concerns with the project: On the day President Obama was inaugurated, the EPA sent a letter to the Army Corps of Engineers, stating that the EPA believes that the "proposal will contribute to a violation of the State’s water quality standards downstream and that the direct and cumulative impacts from this and future mines and possible development associated with the King Coal Highway will be persistent and permanent.”[36]
  • Spring Branch 3 Mine is a proposed surface coal mine by CONSOL Energy for Mingo County, West Virginia.[38] In February 2011, CONSOL Energy reached a deal with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for a Clean Water Act Section 404 permit covering the company’s proposed mine.[39]

Legal and regulatory issues

Violation Tracker
Discover Which Corporations are the Biggest Violators of Environmental, Health and Safety Laws in the United States
Violation Tracker is the first national search engine on corporate misconduct covering environmental, health, and safety cases initiated by 13 federal regulatory agencies. Violation Tracker is produced by the Corporate Research Project of Good Jobs First. Click here to access Violation Tracker.

2011: Consol to pay over $200 million in Clean Water violations

In December 2009, CONSOL announced it was idling two mines in West Virginia - the Little Eagle Coal Co. mine and the Fola Coal Co. mine. In a lawsuit brought by the Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition (OVEC), a federal judge suspended CONSOL's Clean Water Act permit for part of the operations. Without these operations, CONSOL said it was unable to meet the requirements of its coal sales contracts.[40] On December 28, 2009, U.S. District Judge Robert Chambers changed his ruling to allow CONSOL to continue mining at the sites while the legal dispute over the company's fill permits continued..[41]

On March 14, 2011, Consol Energy announced it will spend $200 million on a treatment system for wastewater from three West Virginia coal mines, and pay the state and federal governments a total of $6 million to settle hundreds of alleged violations of the Clean Water Act. The federal fines, which will be split between the EPA and the state, totaled $5.5 million. Consol also agreed to pay the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources $500,000 for the damage to Dunkard Creek, a Monongahela River tributary that runs for 43 miles along the Pennsylvania-West Virginia border.[42]

Though it denies its operations were responsible for the fish kill, Consol stopped discharging wastewater from its Blacksville 2 Mine after a September 2009 bloom of toxic golden algae killed countless fish, mussels, salamanders and other aquatic life. Investigators concluded that pollutants called total dissolved solids created conditions that helped that algae bloom flourish, choking off oxygen to the aquatic creatures. Although high levels of TDS have not been labeled a threat to human health, they can affect the taste and smell and drinking water.[42]

EPA Region 3 Administrator Shawn Garvin said Consol's new network of pipelines and the reverse osmosis treatment plant it is building near Mannington will keep nearly 100 million pounds of TDS, including salts, out of the watershed each year. The system will treat water from the Blacksville 2 Mine, Loveridge 22 Mine and Robinson Run 95 Mine, and improve the overall health of rivers and streams. Consol's treatment plant must be online by May 2013 under the agreement. When finished, the plant should be able to treat 3,500 gallons of mine water per minute, eliminating an anticipated 95 percent of the pollutants. Consol is also planning to build a similar $100 million treatment facility for its Buchanan Mine 1 in Virginia.[42]

The settlement covers alleged violations at six Consol operations over the past four years. The government cited chronic problems with chloride discharges into the Monongahela watershed from the Blacksville, Loveridge, Robinson Run and Four States mines, and into the Ohio River from the Shoemaker and Windsor mines.[42]

"Legal claims were filed in June in U.S. District Court in Abingdon, Virginia on behalf of two landowners by attorneys seeking class action status to represent thousands of property holders in six southwest counties" in 2010. [43] EQT Corp. and Consol Energy are being sued for allegedly drilling thousands of wells in southwest Virginia's coalbed to remove methane gas without obtaining legal claim to the resource from the landowners, contending the mineral rights were held by the coal companies. "An attorney for the landowners estimated the companies realized billions of dollars from southwest Virginia drilling while the escrow account totals about $26 million from 800 individual accounts. In Buchanan County alone one year, Consol's gas subsidiary, CNX Gas Co., realized $1 billion in revenues from natural gas drilling."[44] Landowners are asking for billions in back royalty payments.

"A CXG investor filed a lawsuit in Delaware State Court on behalf of current investors in CNX Gas Corporation who purchased their CXG shares before March 21, 2010 over an alleged breach of their fiduciary duties by CONSOL Energy, Inc. According to the complaint, the plaintiff alleges that CONSOL Energy, as the controlling shareholder of CNX Gas Corp, seeks to take over the remaining outstanding CXG shares through an unfair process and for an unfair price."[45]

A Mt. Pleasant, Pennsylvania family filed a lawsuit against Consol Energy for underpayment of methane gas royalties. They are seeking class-action status, which could include more than 1,000 plaintiffs. "The plaintiffs said they entered into separate lease agreements with the company under which they would receive royalties based on the amount of gas collected each month from their land. The company is accused of breaching the leases by taking "volumetric deductions" and calculating royalties using a price that was less than the price paid to the companies."[46] The family leased oil and gas rights to Dominion Exploration & Production Inc. for property in Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Consol acquired Dominion's rights to the lease in 2010.

Consol has paid $29,428,489 in coal mining fines between 2000 - 2009. 20,899 violations and 23 deaths have also taken place in CONSOL mines since 2000, tying its fatality record with that of Massey Energy.[47]

Consol Energy was cited for a violation by the Mine Safety and Health Administration that contributed to the death of a West Virginia coal miner in 2010. The MSHA report stated "Consol failed to adequately support a section of a rock wall that fell on miner Jesse Adkins at its Loveridge No. 22 mine July 29. The accident occurred while Consol was mining outside the coal seam through an area of solid rock. Consol didn't install bolts to strengthen rock walls in the area. Adkins, 39, was pinned between a piece of heavy equipment and a 23-foot-long, 4-foot wide chunk of rock at the Marion County mine."[48] MSHA hasn't assessed a fine for the violation yet.

In September 2010, several thousand fish washed up along the banks of Dunkard Creek in Monongalia County, West Virginia. "Environmental officials in Pennsylvania and at the federal Environmental Protection Agency say mining discharges from Consol Energy’s Blacksville No. 2 mine created the conditions for the algae to bloom."[49]

In fracking violations, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection Web site shows that CONSOL/CNX Energy has 9 violations since 2008. Many were health and environmental safety violations. Here is a list of the most frequent ones: "Polluting waters by allowing discharge into waters of the Commonwealth"; "Failure to properly control or dispose of industrial or residual waste to prevent pollution of waters"; "Potential for polluting substances reaching waters".

"The Environmental Protection Agency fined CNX $157,500 in 2010 for violations of the Safe Drinking Water Act stemming from improper use and faulty reporting at an underground injection well in Greene County facility for fracking fluids in Greene County. Consol uses the well to dispose of wastewater from its methane well drilling operations. CNX also accepted at least 100 truckloads of wastewater with total dissolved solids levels “significantly higher” than its federal permit allowed. The move also requires CNX to close down that disposal well."[50][51]

Water pollution at Blacksville Mine

In September 2010, several thousand fish washed up along the banks of Dunkard Creek in Monongalia County, West Virginia. "Environmental officials in Pennsylvania and at the federal Environmental Protection Agency say mining discharges from Consol Energy’s Blacksville 2 Mine created the conditions for the algae to bloom."[52]

Pennsylvania sues Consol over discharges

On September 7, 2011, the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission filed a complaint against Consol Energy over discharges from two coal mines in West Virginia - Blacksville 2 Mine and Loveridge 22 Mine - saying the discharges killed thousands of fish, mussels, salamanders, and other wildlife along a 30-mile stretch of the tributary, Dunkard Creek, in 2009. The commission is seeking compensatory damages for lost aquatic life and angling opportunities as well as punitive damages to deter future pollution.

Dead fish began surfacing on Sept. 8, 2009, after illegally high levels of total dissolved solids and chlorides turned Dunkard Creek brackish and fostered a toxic golden algae bloom that is more common to southern coastal waters. About 42,997 fish representing 40 species, from black bass to muskellunge, were killed along with 15,382 freshwater mussels, including the rare snuffbox variety, and 6,447 mudpuppies, the complaint states. People who lived along the creek recounted watching fish bleed to death from their gills and mussel shells pop open. Because so many adult fish were killed, it will take years for aquatic populations to recover, according to the claim.

In March 2011, the federal Environmental Protection Agency and the state of West Virginia reached a $5.5 million settlement with Consol that covered violations at six of the company’s mines, including those relating to the fish kill in Dunkard Creek. Although most of the damage occurred in Pennsylvania’s portion of Dunkard, the state was not party to the federal suit because Consol’s discharge permits were issued in West Virginia.[53]

Court finds Army Corps of Engineers violated Clean Water Act in MTR permitting case

On November 24, 2009, U.S. District Judge Chuck Chambers ruled that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers violated federal environmental laws by issuing permits for two mountaintop removal coal mines in West Virginia without allowing sufficient public involvement. Chambers found that the Corps violated the Clean Water Act and National Environmental Policy Act when it issued permits for CONSOL's Ike Fork mines and Penn Virginia's Nellis mine. Chambers ordered the Corps to rectify the problem with the permits, while also allowing "limited" mining to continue at the sites for 60 days. The case may have implications for other surface mines already permitted and in operation. According to Oliver Bernstein of the Sierra Club, "Most of the pending permits in West Virginia may need to go back through the public process."[54]

Water conductivity violation settlement

In November 2011, Fola Coal parent company CONSOL Energy signed on to a legal settlement agreeing to clean up conductivity pollution associated with a valley fill at the Fola Surface Mine No. 3 in Clay and Nicholas counties, West Virginia. The settlement, which requires approval from U.S. District Judge John T. Copenhaver, resolves a lawsuit filed by the Sierra Club and the West Virginia Highlands Conservancy in October 2010. Both the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the state Environmental Quality Board have cited conductivity increases downstream from mining operations as a key problem the state Department of Environmental Protection isn't doing enough about. Under the settlement, CONSOL will first be able to try its own version of a stream restoration project, involving creation of floodplain and sulfate-reducing wetlands, to clean up about 3,000 feet of Boardtree Branch. Biological samples will be taken after the project and an independent biologist will decide if aquatic life has improved. If the CONSOL project doesn't work, the company must build a more expensive treatment system at the site, the settlement says. The agreement also requires Fola to pay $200,000 to the West Virginia Land Trust to help fund the West Virginia University College of Law's new Land Use and Sustainable Development Clinic. The company must also pay a $25,000 fine to the federal government.[55]

Citizen action on CONSOL

March 26, 2009: DC Rising Tide disrupts CTL conference in Washington, DC

Activists with DC Rising Tide interrupted an industry conference to denounce coal-to-liquids technologies. The protesters stood in the audience and gave loud speeches refuting the statements of executives from Chevron, CONSOL Energy, World Coal Institute, and World Petroleum Council. Displaying banners including "Coal kills" and "Renewable energy now," the activists called for an end to fossil fuels and for adoption of clean, renewable energy sources.[56]

Other controversies

On March 19, 2009, William Bruno, a retired 30-year veteran of CONSOL energy,[57] released a book entitled, "The King Rat and His Court: Lessons in Corporate Greed."

NRA anti-Obama ad

Consol Energy provided the National Rifle Association access to its Blacksville 2 Mine in West Virginia to film a television advertisement with an anti-Barack Obama message.[58] The National Rifle Association intended to ask miners the question "How do you feel about having your Second Amendment rights taken away if Obama becomes president?" Word spread among pro-Obama miners who contacted their union, the United Mine Workers of America, resulting in 440 miners taking the day off in a contract-sanctioned protest, and halted production at CONSOL's Blacksville 2 coal mine.[59]

Coal slurry dam collapse

The waste from the mine goes to the the Nolan Run impoundment near Lumberport, which stretches a half-mile across and holds about 2 billion gallons of water and slurry. On Nov 30, 2012, a worker on a bulldozer fell into the embankment when part of the saddle dike collapsed, which CONSOL was building to help raise the overall height of the facility to accommodate more slurry. A week later the worker had not been found and was presumed dead. Federal and state records showed previous questions about stability and leaks at the Nolan Run impoundment, and outlined company concerns that construction to enlarge the dump had not been moving fast enough to keep up with slurry waste generated by the nearby Robinson Run Mine.[60]

Methane Gas Drilling (Fracking)

"CONSOL's Gas Division was formed in the first half of 2010 when it acquired the remaining 16.7% outstanding shares held by outside stockholders of CNX Gas Corporation, a former CONSOL spin-off company, as well as all of the exploration and production business of Dominion Resources Inc., located in the Appalachian Basin."[61] In June, 2010, Consol Energy completed its acquisition of CNX Gas shares as part of Consol's plan to expand its fracking business.[62] CNX is run as the methane gas subsidiary of CONSOL Energy. CNX has over 230,000 acres in the Marcellus Shale area.[63] On March 15, 2010, CONSOL announced the purchase of Dominion’s Exploration and Production business for $3.475 billion.[64] The sale included 193 employees currently working for Dominion.[65] CONSOL is looking for $4 billion to fund the purchase and further develop the operations. Bank of America, Merrill Lynch and Stifel, Nicolaus & Company were financial advisors for CONSOL, while Barclays Capital Inc. advised Dominion. Legal counsel for CONSOL came from Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz and Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Field LLP. Baker Botts LLP served as Dominion’s legal adviser.

Though lauded as an environmentally-friendly alternative to coal, fracking for gas has been linked to depleting drinking water resources of local communities and polluting the wells of the people living around drill sites. According to a 2010 article in Vanity Fair, "as use of the technique (fracking) has spread, it has been followed by incidents of water contamination and environmental degradation, and even devastating health problems." [66] And according to data released to the EPA, Halliburton, a major supplier of fracking fluid, admitted using 807,000 gallons of diesel-based chemicals in its fluids, in violation of an agreement drillers had with the EPA.[67]

Front Groups

Consul Energy is a supporter of several special interest groups that push for expanded drilling rights and limited or no regulation of fracking.

Consol is involved in the following front groups, who donate to pro-fracking candidates and lobbyists: Marcellus Shale Coalition,[68] Energy In Depth,[69] Nicholas DeIuliis of CNX is on the Board of Directors for the Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA),[70] Gary Slagel, a Chairman for CNX Gas is on the Executive Committee for The Pennsylvania Independent Oil and Gas Association (PIOGA),[71] Gary Slagel and VP of Legal Kevin West are both on the Board of Directors for the West Virginia Oil and Natural Gas Association[72] and the Independent Oil and Gas Association of West Virginia.[73]

Coal Plants Sponsored by CONSOL


Industry affiliations

The CONSOL Coal Group is a member of the:

Contact Information

General Office CONSOL Energy Inc.
CNX Center
1000 Consol Energy Drive
Canonsburg, PA 15317-6506
Phone: 724-485-4000

CNX Center
1000 Consol Energy Drive
Canonsburg, PA 15317-6506
Phone: 724-485-4000

CNX Land Resources Inc.
CONSOL Energy Inc.
CNX Center
1000 Consol Energy Drive
Canonsburg, PA 15317-6506
Phone: 724-485-4518

CONSOL Energy Inc.
CNX Center
1000 Consol Energy Drive
Canonsburg, PA 15317-6506

1500 Lancaster Ave.
Suite 205
Paoli, PA 19301


Articles & Sources

Related SourceWatch Articles

Source Watch has a special clearinghouse on fracking, Fracking for Gas


  1. Matthew Rosk and Brian Moss, "Rick Santorum, 'Stealth Lobbyist'" ABC News, January 5, 2012.
  2. "Noble Energy Buys Consol Shale Stake for $3.4 Billion." Roose, Kevin. New York Times Dealbook. Dealbook.NYTimes.Com. Aug. 18, 2011. Accessed Aug. 19, 2011.
  3. Matthew Wald, "Consol to Sell 5 Coal Mines To Murray," NY Times, Oct 28, 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Suzanne Goldenberg, "Jeb Bush cozies up to coal industry barons at closed-door meeting," The Guardian, May 29, 2015.
  5. "Common Cause of PA "Deep Drilling, Deep Pockets", COmmon Cause, May 2010
  6. ""
  7. "Pa. senator's Super Bowl trip courtesy of Consol", Pittsburgh
  8. "Big donors paid for Corbett's inaugural bash", Seeking, 2010
  9. "Open Secrets CONSOL Energy"
  10. "Public Records Lookup"
  11. Matthew Rosk and Brian Moss, "Rick Santorum, 'Stealth Lobbyist'" ABC News, January 5, 2012.
  12. Anya Litvak, "CONSOL lobbying wins and losses" Pittsburgh Business Times, March 25, 2011.
  13. "Hydraulic Fracturing Lobbyists Advise Incoming Pennsylvania Governor Tom Corbett", News
  14. Kate Sheppard and Adam Serwer, "Rick Santorum's Big Coal Buddies" Mother Jones, January 11, 2012.
  15. "MSN Money CNX Financials"
  16. "MSN Money CNX Financials"
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  20. " Top Paid CEOs List."
  21. "MSN Money CNX/CONSOL Information"
  22. "Forbes CNX/CONSOL Information"
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  24. "Forbes CNX/CONSOL Information"
  25. "Consol Energy says exports to rise in 2011" Bloomberg Business Week, September 22, 2011.
  26. "Company Statistics" CONSOL Website, year-end 2010.
  27. "Datafinder" Open Source coal, accessed July 2011.
  28. "Map of Mines" CONSOL Energy, accessed July 2011.
  29. Elwin Green, "Burning out: Coal prices come back to earth," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 18, 2009.
  30. "CONSOL CEO Says Coal Industry Needs to Slow Production," WVNS, August 9, 2009.
  31. Tess Stynes and Matt Whittaker, "UPDATE: Consol To Close Pennsylvania Mine, Idle One In Utah" WSJ, Oct. 1, 2010.
  32. "CONSOL's Coal Output to Rise" Zack's, April 15, 2011.
  33. "The Hidden Costs of Clean Coal" The Center for Public Integrity, accessed July 2011.
  34. Kristen Lombardi, "New scrutiny of 'longwall' mining finds damage in Pennsylvania streams," CPI, June 21, 2013.
  35. Rainforest Action Network and the Sierra Club, "Policy and Practice: 2011 Report Card on Banks and Mountaintop Removal," 2011 Report Card.
  36. Kan Ward Jr., "Obama EPA pushes state, company to reduce impacts of CONSOL’s huge Buffalo Mountain strip mine" January 26, 2012.
  37. Pam Casey, "Mon County residents have questions about proposed CONSOL mine," West Virginia State Journal, Jan. 18, 2012.
  38. "Surface Coal Mining Activities Enhanced Coordination Procedures - LRH-2009-00428" EPA, accessed February 2011.
  39. Ken Ward Jr., "CONSOL makes deal, gets EPA permit approval" Coal Tattoo, March 1, 2011.
  40. "Consol idling two mines, blames environmentalists," Reuters, December 8, 2009.
  41. "Fed. Judge Allows Coal Company to Continue Mining," Associated Press, December 30, 2009.
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 "Consol to pay $6M settlement in W.Va. water case" The Times Leader. March 14, 2011.
  43. "Pittsburgh Tribune, Lawsuit against EQT, Consol seeks billions for Virginia gas drilling", Pittsburgh 2010
  44. "Pittsburgh Tribune, Lawsuit against EQT, Consol seeks billions for Virginia gas drilling", Pittsburgh 2010
  45. "CNX Gas Corporation investors file lawsuit against CONSOL Energy, Inc", PR
  46. "Pittsburgh Tribune, Mt. Pleasant couple sue Consol over gas royalties", Pittsburgh 2010
  47. Jacob Fenton, Giovanni Russonello, "Coal mine deaths, fines and significant violations for the 10 largest coal mine controllers, 2000-2009.", Nov. 22, 2010.
  48. "Feds cite Consol over fatal W.Va. mine accident", Nexis Search
  49. "Dunkard Creek fish kill topic at Monongahela River Summit", West Virginia News
  50. "Is the Morris Run Injection Wastewater Well at Fault for Dunkard Creek Fish Kill?", Do the Mountain Blog
  52. Ben Adducchio, "Dunkard Creek fish kill topic at Monongahela River Summit", West Virginia News, April 20, 2010.
  53. Deborah Weisberg, "Pennsylvania Sues Over Coal-Mine Discharges" NY Times, Sep. 8, 2011.
  54. Jim Thuber, "Judge sides with environmental groups in coal case," Associated Press, November 25, 2009.
  55. Ken Ward Jr., "CONSOL agrees to stream cleanup settlement" Charleston Gazette, November 30, 2011.
  56. "DC Rising Tide Disrupts Coal-to-Liquids Conference," It's Getting Hot in Here, March 26, 2009.
  58. Huber, Tim (2008-09-22). "UMW plans stoppage over NRA filming", USA Today. Retrieved on 2010-04-30. 
  59. Greenhouse, Steven (2008-10-02). "Mine Workers Protest Anti-Obama Ad", The New York Times. Retrieved on 2010-04-30. 
  60. Ken Ward Jr., "Harrison County impoundment had previous problems, records show," Charleston Gazette, Dec 5, 2012.
  61. "WikiMarcellus CONSOL Information"
  62. "Bloomerg Business, Consol Energy completes acquisition of CNX Gas", Bloomberg Business Week 2010
  63. "CNX adds to Marcellus stash", UpStream
  64. “Dominion agrees to sell its Appalachian E&P business for $3.475 billion”, Dominion press release, March 15, 2010.
  65. “CONSOL Energy to acquire Dominion’s Appalachian E&P business for $3.475 billion in cash”, CONSOL Energy press release, March 15, 2010.
  66. "A Colossal Fracking Mess", Vanity Fair 2010.
  67. "Fracking Halliburton", Mother Jones.
  68. "Natural gas exploration, development and production",
  69. "Energy In Depth Members"
  70. "IPAA Members"
  71. "PIOGA Member"
  72. "WVONGA Board Members"
  73. "Independent Oil and Gas Association of West Virginia"
  74. National Mining Association, "NMA Membership", National Mining Association website, accessed July 2011.
  75. U.S. Chamber of Commerce, "Board of Directors", U.S. Chamber of Commerce website, accessed July 2011.

External Articles

External Resources